Document Type : Research Paper
Department of Sport Rehabilitation and Health, Faculty of Physical Education & Sport Sciences, Shahid Beheshti University
Shahid Beheshti University
Islamic Azad University, Karaj Branch
Researches has identified the importance of core training in injury prevention. However, there are limited information about relationship between core stability and swimmer performance. Therefor the purpose of this study was to determine the effect of core stability training on performance of sub elite adolescent swimmers. Thirty male swimmers were randomly allocated in the control (n=15) and intervention (n=15) groups. The intervention group completed the core stability training, three times per week for 8 weeks. Analysis covariance were used for determine the effect of core stability exercise on 50-m front and back crawl, butterfly, and breast- stroke race. The results showed that there was significant difference in time of 50-m front crawl and breast- stroke race, back crawl and butterfly race. According to the results, core muscle strengthening enhanced the performance in young swimmers projected as significant improvements in 50-m front crawl and breast- stroke sprint time.
- Schneider P, Meyer F. Anthropometric and muscle strength evaluation in prepubescent and pubescent swimmer boys and girls. Revista Brasileira de Medicina do Esporte. 2005;11(4):209-13.
- Weston M, Hibbs AE, Thompson KG, Spears IR. Isolated core training improves sprint performance in national-level junior swimmers. International journal of sports physiology and performance. 2015;10(2):204-10.
- Keiner M, Yaghobi D, Sander A, Wirth K, Hartmann H. The influence of maximal strength performance of upper and lower extremities and trunk muscles on different sprint swim performances in adolescent swimmers. Science & Sports. 2015;30(6):e147-e54.
- Tanaka H, Costill DL, Thomas R, Fink WJ, Widrick JJ. Dry-land resistance training for competitive swimming. Medicine and science in sports and exercise. 1993;25(8):952-9.
- Farr D. Science of Performance: Strength Training and Swimming Performance. Science. 2014;9:5-12.
- Scibek JS. The effect of core stabilization training on functional performance in swimming: University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill; 1999.
- Prieske O, Muehlbauer T, Granacher U. The role of trunk muscle strength for physical fitness and athletic performance in trained individuals: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Sports Medicine. 2016;46(3):401-19.
- Patil D, Salian SC, Yardi S. The effect of core strengthening on performance of young competitive swimmers. International Journal of Science and Research. 2014;3(6):2470-7.
- Dingley AA, Pyne DB, Youngson J, Burkett B. Effectiveness of a dry-land resistance training program on strength, power, and swimming performance in paralympic swimmers. The Journal of Strength & Conditioning Research. 2015;29(3):619-26.
- Iizuka S, Imai A, Koizumi K, Okuno K, Kaneoka K. Immediate effects of deep trunk muscle training on swimming start performance. International journal of sports physical therapy. 2016;11(7):1048.
- Imai A, Kaneoka K, Okubo Y, Shiina I, Tatsumura M, Izumi S, et al. Trunk muscle activity during lumbar stabilization exercises on both a stable and unstable surface. Journal of orthopaedic & sports physical therapy. 2010;40(6):369-75.
- Marshall PW, Murphy BA. Core stability exercises on and off a Swiss ball. Archives of physical medicine and rehabilitation. 2005;86(2):242-9.
- Brumitt J. Core assessment and training: Human Kinetics; 2010.
- Fig G. Strength training for swimmers: Training the core. Strength & Conditioning Journal. 2005;27(2):40-2.
- Girold S, Maurin D, Dugue B, Chatard J-C, Millet G. Effects of dry-land vs. resisted-and assisted-sprint exercises on swimming sprint performances. The Journal of Strength & Conditioning Research. 2007;21(2):599-605.
- Loturco I, Barbosa A, Nocentini R, Pereira L, Kobal R, Kitamura K, et al. A correlational analysis of tethered swimming, swim sprint performance and dry-land power assessments. International journal of sports medicine. 2016;37(03):211-8.
- Cortesi M, Fantozzi S, Di Michele R, Zamparo P, Gatta G. Passive drag reduction using full-body swimsuits: the role of body position. The Journal of Strength & Conditioning Research. 2014;28(11):3164-71.
- Nuzzo JL, McCaulley GO, Cormie P, Cavill MJ, McBride JM. Trunk muscle activity during stability ball and free weight exercises. The Journal of Strength & Conditioning Research. 2008;22(1):95-102.
- Srivastav P, Nayak N, Nair S, Sherpa LB, Dsouza D. Swiss ball versus mat exercises for core activation of transverse abdominis in recreational athletes. Journal of clinical and diagnostic research: JCDR. 2016;10(12):YC01.
- Jerszyński D, Antosiak-Cyrak K, Habiera M, Wochna K, Rostkowska E. Changes in Selected Parameters of Swimming Technique in the Back Crawl and the Front Crawl in Young Novice Swimmers. Journal of human kinetics. 2013;37(1):161-71.
- Guignard B, Olstad BH, Escobar DS, Lauer J, Kjendlie P-L, Rouard AH. Different muscle-recruitment strategies among elite breaststrokers. International journal of sports physiology and performance. 2015;10(8):1061-5.
- Gulhane T. 5 Important types of swimming stroke. International Journal of Physical Education, Sports and Health 2015; 1(4): 103-104
- Martens J, Pellegrims W, Einarsson IT, Fernandes R, Staes F, Daly D, editors. Trunk muscle activity during front crawl swimming. Congress of the European College of Sport Science, Date: 2013/06/26-2013/06/29, Location: Barcelona; 2013.
- Mahdizade R, Mohammadi SH, Effect of 8 weeks core stability training on performance of female student girle, Research in Aplied sport Physiology, 19, 2014, 114-126 (persian).