Document Type : Research Paper


1 Sport Biomechanics Department, Faculty of Physical Education & Sport Sciences, Kharazmi University, Tehran, Iran

2 Associate Professor in Sports Biomechanics, Faculty of Physical Education and Sports Sciences, Mazandaran University, Mazandaran

3 Assistant Professor in Sports Biomechanics, Faculty of Physical Education and Sports Sciences, Kharazmi University, Tehran

4 Assistant Professor in Sports Biomechanics, Faculty of Physical Education and Sports Sciences, Mazandaran University, Mazandaran


The aim of this study was to compare the coordination and variability of upper limb joints in elite and intermediate young men during Kayak paddling technique. Eight young Kayak paddlers were classified into two elite and intermediate groups. After dividing the stroke cycle into four phases, the mean and variability of continuous relative phase were calculated for each phase. The results of the independent t-test for coordination of joints between the two groups showed significant differences in the shoulder and elbow flexion on the left side in fourth phase and elbow flexion and shoulder abduction at left side in first phase. According to the results, in the all phase, the elite group variability was more in right side than the left, while the intermediate group variability has Irregular patterns. Generally, comparison Continuous Relative Phase and its Variability between elite and intermediate Kayak paddler showed no significant differences.


Main Subjects

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