نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشجوی کارشناسی ارشد، آسیب‌شناسی ورزشی و حرکات اصلاحی، دانشکدة تربیت بدنی و علوم ورزشی، دانشگاه گیلان، رشت، ایران

2 دکتری تخصصی تربیت بدنی و علوم ورزشی (گرایش آسیب‌شناسی ورزشی و حرکات اصلاحی) استاد دانشکدةتربیت بدنی و علوم ورزشی، دانشگاه گیلان، رشت، ایران

3 دکتری تخصصی تربیت بدنی و علوم ورزشی (گرایش بیومکانیک ورزشی) استادیار دانشکدة تربیت بدنی و علوم ورزشی، دانشگاه گیلان، رشت، ایران

چکیده

تاکنون، در خصوص اطلاع‌رسانی در مورد میزان شیوع دردها و شکایت‌های عضلانی-اسکلتی، با توجه به جنسیت، گروه‌های مختلف ساز و نواحی بدن مطالعه‌ای نظام‌مند در کشور ما انجام نشده است؛ بنابراین، هدف از مطالعۀ مروری حاضر، بررسی دردها و شکایت‌های عضلانی-اسکلتی در نوازندگان بود. در این مطالعه، پژوهش‌های انجام‌شده در زمینة دردها و شکایت‌های عضلانی-اسکلتی نوازندگان از سال 2010 تا 2021 جمع‌آوری و بررسی شده است. این مقالات از طریق جستجوی کلیدواژه‌های دردها و شکایت‌های عضلانی-اسکلتی در نوازندگان، درد در نوازندگان، شیوع مشکلات و دردهای عضلانی-اسکلتی در نوازندگان به زبان فارسی و نیز معادل‌های انگلیسی در وب‌سایت‌های Web of science، Google scholar، science Direct، Scopus، PubMed، SID، ISC، MAGIRAN، IRANDOC، IRAN MEDEX، MEDLIB به دست آمدند. 477 مقاله در منابع مختلف یافت شد که پس از تطبیق با معیارهای ورود به پژوهش، درنهایت 26 مطالعه بررسی شد. مرور مقالات نشان داد به‌طور میانگین میزان شیوع دردها و شکایت‌های عضلانی-اسکلتی در نوازندگان با افزایش سابقة نوازندگی بیشتر می‌شود و نوازندگان حرفه‌ای با نارضایتی بیشتری مواجه‌اند؛ به عبارت دیگر استمرار در نوازندگی و بی‌توجهی به وضعیت بدن در حین نواختن می‌تواند در درازمدت اثر خود را به شکل دردها و شکایت‌های عضلانی-اسکلتی و نارضایتی از نواختن ساز به شکل دلخواه نشان دهد. به‌علاوه، به نظر می‌رسد مؤلفه‌هایی همچون سابقة نواختن، ساعات‌های تمرین نوازندگی در طول هفته، نوع ساز، موقعیت دست هنگام نواختن، دست برتر، فعالیت‌های غیرمرتبط با نوازندگی، آمادگی جسمانی و تناسب اندام در بروز دردها و شکایت‌های عضلانی-اسکلتی ناشی از نواختن اثرگذار باشد.

کلیدواژه‌ها

موضوعات

عنوان مقاله [English]

The Study of musculoskeletal pains and complaints in musicians: A systematic review

نویسندگان [English]

  • Zahra Noori 1
  • hasan daneshmandi 2
  • Seyyed Hossein Hosseini 3

1 Guilan university

2 Guilan university

3 Guilan university

چکیده [English]

So far, no systematic study has been conducted in our country to inform about the prevalence of pain and complaints, according to gender, different instrumental groups and body parts. Therefore, the aim of the present review was to investigate musculoskeletal pain and complaints in musicians. Studies on musculoskeletal pain and complaints of musicians from 2010 to 2021 have been collected and reviewed. These articles were found by searching the websites of Web of science, Google scholar, science Direct, Scopus, PubMed, SID, ISC, MAGIRAN, IRANDOC, IRAN MEDEX, MEDLIB with the keywords of pain and musculoskeletal complaints in musicians, pain in musicians, and prevalence of problems and musculoskeletal pain in musicians in Persian and English equivalents. 477 articles were found in different sources that after adapting to the inclusion criteria, finally 26 studies were reviewed. The review of articles showed that the prevalence of musculoskeletal pains and complaints in musicians on average has increased with increasing playing experience and professional musicians face a higher rate of dissatisfaction. In other words, persistence in playing and not paying attention to the position of the body position while playing can show its effect in the long-term in the form of musculoskeletal pain, complaints, as well as dissatisfaction with playing the instrument as desired. In addition to this factor, it seems that components such as playing history, playing practice hours during the week, type of instrument, hand position while playing, dominant or non-dominant hand, daily activities non related to playing, physical fitness in the incidence of musculoskeletal pain and complaints caused by playing is effective.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Musculoskeletal pains
  • musculoskeletal complaints
  • Musicians
  • music instrument
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