نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 کارشناس ارشد آسیب‌شناسی ورزشی و حرکات اصلاحی، دانشکده تربیت‌بدنی و علوم ورزشی، دانشگاه تهران، تهران، ایران

2 استادیار گروه بهداشت و طب ورزشی، دانشکده تربیت‌بدنی و علوم ورزشی، دانشگاه تهران، تهران، ایران

3 دانشیار گروه بهداشت و طب ورزشی، دانشکده تربیت‌بدنی و علوم ورزشی، دانشگاه تهران، تهران، ایران

چکیده

بین تمامی آسیب‌های شانه، سندروم گیرافتادگی شانه بسیار رایج بوده و یکی از معمول‌ترین علت درد و محدودیت حرکتی منطقه شانه محسوب می‌شود. لذا هدف از تحقیق حاضر بررسی تاثیر تمرینات ثبات دهنده ریتمیک بر حس وضعیت، دامنه‌ی حرکتی، قدرت و ثبات عملکردی مفصل شانه دختران نوجوان شناگر مبتلا به سندروم گیر افتادگی شانه بود. در این تحقیق 30 نفر از دختران شناگر مبتلا به آسیب سندروم گیرافتادگی شانه به صورت تصادفی به دو گروه تجربی و کنترل تقسیم شدند. بعد از انجام ارزیابی های پیش آزمون هر دو گروه که شامل ارزیابی حس وضعیت، قدرت، دامنه حرکتی و ثبات عملکردی بود، گروه تمرینات به مدت چهار هفته به انجام تمرینات ثبات‌دهنده ریتمیک پرداختند و پس از آن پس آزمون مطابق پیش آزمون از هر دو گروه انجام شد. نتایج این تحقیق نشان داد که حس وضعیت، قدرت عضلات چرخاننده و ثبات عملکردی مفصل شانه دختران شناگر مبتلا به آسیب سندروم گیرافتادگی شانه پس از تمرینات ثبات دهنده ریتمیک به طور معنی‌داری نسبت به گروه کنترل بهبود یافت. در متغیر دامنه حرکتی بین دو گروه تفاوت معناداری دیده نشد به ‌نظر می‌رسد که تمرینات ثبات دهنده ریتمیک می‌تواند در بهبود حس عمقی، قدرت عضلات چرخاننده شانه و ثبات عملکردی شناگران دختر مبتلا به سندروم گیرافتادگی شانه مفید باشد.

کلیدواژه‌ها

موضوعات

عنوان مقاله [English]

The Effects of rhythmic stabilization exercise on position sense, range of motion, strength and functional stability of shoulder in adolescent girl swimmers with shoulder impingement syndrome

نویسندگان [English]

  • Zahra Jahandideh Pashaki 1
  • Shahrzad Zandi 2
  • Hooman Minoonejad 3

1 Faculty of physical education and sport sciences /, University of Tehran

2 Department of Health and Sports Medicine / Faculty of Physical Education and Sport Sciences / University of Tehran

3 Department of Health & Sport Medicine Faculty of Physical education & Sport Sciences University of Tehran,

چکیده [English]

The shoulder impingement syndrome is quiet prevalent amongst all shoulder injuries and mainly accounts for pain and mobility limitation in that region. Therefore, the aim of this study was to investigate the effects of rhythmic stabilization exercise on position sense, range of motion, strength and functional stability of shoulder in adolescent girl swimmers with shoulder impingement syndrome. In this study, 30 swimmer girls with shoulder impingement syndrome were randomly divided into two groups of experimental and control. After pre-test measurements from the two groups, including proprioception, strength, range of motion and functional stability, the experimental group performed four weeks Rhythmic stabilization exercises and then the post-tests were performed for the two groups according to the pre-test. Results indicated that position sense, rotator muscles strength, and functional stability of shoulder joint significantly improved after rhythmic stabilization exercises compared to the control group (p<0.05). There was no significant difference in the range of motion between the two groups (p>0.05). It seems that, rhythmic stabilization exercises can be used in order to improve proprioception, shoulder rotator muscles strength and the functional stability of swimmers suffering from shoulder impingement syndrome.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Position sense
  • Strength and Range of Motion
  • Functional stability
  • Rhythmic stabilization exercise
  • Shoulder impingement syndrome
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