نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشجوی دکتری، آسیب‌شناسی ورزشی و حرکات اصلاحی، دانشکدۀ تربیت‌بدنی و علوم ورزشی، دانشگاه اصفهان

2 دانشیار، گروه حرکات اصلاحی و آسیب شناسی ورزشی، دانشکده تربیت بدنی و علوم ورزشی، دانشگاه اصفهان، اصفهان، ایران

3 استادیار گروه بیومکانیک دانشکدۀ تربیت‌بدنی و علوم ورزشی دانشگاه اصفهان

چکیده

استئوآرتریت زانو بیماری شایعی است که می‌تواند مکانیک راه رفتن را تغییر دهد. هدف از پژوهش حاضر مقایسۀ الگوهای فشار کف‌پایی در زنان سالمند با و بدون استئوآرتریت زانو بود. 36 زن بالای 60 سال در دو گروه مبتلا به استئوآرتریت زانو و سالم در این پژوهش شرکت کردند. حداکثر فشار کف‌پایی و زمان‌بندی زیرفازهای استانس آن‌ها حین راه رفتن با سرعت خودانتخابی اندازه‌گیری شد. نتایج نشان داد حداکثر فشار کف‌پایی بیماران در ناحیۀ انگشت شست و داخل پاشنه کمتر و در نواحی متاتارسال چهارم و وسط پا بیشتر از گروه شاهد بود. همچنین آن­ها مدت‌زمان کمتری در فازهای تماس اولیه و تماس جلوی پا و زمان بیشتری در فاز صاف شدن جلوی پا صرف می‌کنند. با توجه به یافته‌های پژوهش حاضر می‌توان نتیجه‌گیری کرد که زنان سالمند مبتلا به استئوآرتریت زانو، در مقایسه با هم­سالان سالم خود حین راه رفتن الگوی توزیع فشار کف‌پایی متفاوتی دارند.

کلیدواژه‌ها

موضوعات

عنوان مقاله [English]

Effect of knee osteoarthritis on plantar pressure distribution pattern and timing of stance sub-phases in elderly females

نویسندگان [English]

  • azra sadat etesami 1
  • vahid zolaktaf 2
  • hamed esmaeili 3

1 Ph.D. student of Corrective Exercise and Sport Injuries, University of Isfahan, Isfahan, Iran.

2 Associate Professor, Department of Sport Injury and Corrective Exercise, School of Physical Education and Sports Sciences, University of Isfahan, Isfahan, Iran

3 Ph.D. of Sports Biomechanics, Assistant Professor in, Faculty of Sport Sciences, University of Isfahan, Iran.

چکیده [English]

Knee osteoarthritis is one of the most common diseases affecting walking mechanics. The aim of this study was to compare plantar pressure distribution patterns between elderly women with and without knee osteoarthritis. 36 elderly women 60 years and older participated in this study and entered into two groups of osteoarthritis and healthy. Peak plantar pressure and timing of sub-phases of stance during walking in self-selected speed was measured. The results showed that peak plantar pressure in hallux and medial heel was lower while in midfoot and fourth metatarsal was higher in the osteoarthritis group. Also, this group showed lesser relative time in initial contact phase and forefoot contact phase and higher relative time in forefoot flat phase. Based on the results of this study, it can be concluded that osteoarthritis elderly females exhibit different plantar pressure distribution patterns relative to healthy elderly females.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Osteoarthritis
  • Walking
  • Elderly Women
  • Plantar pressure
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