نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 استادیار حرکات اصلاحی و آسیب شناسی ورزشی، دانشکده تربیت بدنی و علوم ورزشی، دانشگاه تربیت دبیر شهید رجایی، تهران، ایران

2 کارشناسی ارشد حرکات اصلاحی و آسیب شناسی ورزشی، گروه علوم ورزشی، موسسه آموزش عالی حکیم نظامی قوچان،‌خراسان رضوی، ایران.

3 استادیار حرکات اصلاحی و آسیب شناسی ورزشی، دانشکده تربیت بدنی و علوم ورزشی، دانشگاه علامه طباطبایی، تهران، ایران.

چکیده

هدف از پژوهش حاضر مقایسة اثر تمرینات ثبات مرکزی و عصبی_عضلانی بر آزمون FMS کشتی‌گیران پسر 9 تا 12 سال است. پژوهش حاضر از نوع نیمه­تجربی با طرح پیش و پس­آزمون است. جامعة آماری پژوهش را کشتی‌گیران پسر 9 تا 12 سال و نمونه‌های پژوهش را 45 کشتی‌گیر شهرستان اسفراین تشکیل می­دادند که پس از انجام آزمون FMS به‌صورت تصادفی در سه گروه کنترل، تجربی 1 و تجربی 2 تقسیم شدند. گروه کنترل، تمرینات رایج کشتی؛ گروه تجربی 1، تمرینات عصبی-عضلانی و گروه تجربی 2، تمرینات ثبات مرکزی را به مدت شش هفته انجام دادند. برای تجریه‌وتحلیل داده‌ها از آزمون تی همبسته و تحلیل کوواریانس استفاده شد. نتایج کلی نشان‌دهندة اثر تمرینات ثبات مرکزی و عصبی-عضلانی برFMS  کشتی‌گیران بود. ازاین‌رو، به مربیان توصیه می‌شود با توجه به اهمیت آزمون FMS در ارزیابی‌های پیش‌فصل و پیشگیری از آسیب‌های ورزشی، از این تمرینات در برنامه‌های تمرینی کشتی‌گیران استفاده کنند.

کلیدواژه‌ها

موضوعات

عنوان مقاله [English]

The comparison of the effect of core stability and neuromuscular exercises on functional movement screening of male wrestlers aged 9 to 12 years

نویسندگان [English]

  • mohammad rahimi 1
  • Samira Elmi 2
  • hashem Piry 3

1 Assistant Professor of Corrective Exercises and Sport Injuries, Faculty of Physical Education and Sport Sciences, Shahid Rajaee Teacher Training University, Tehran, Iran.

2 MSc of sports injuries and corrective exercises, Hakim Nezami Institute of Higher Education, Quchan, Iran.

3 Assistant Professor of Corrective Exercises and Sport Injuries, Faculty of Physical Education and Sport Sciences, Allameh Tabatabai University, Tehran, Iran

چکیده [English]

The aim of this study was to compare the effect of core stability and neuromuscular exercises on FMS of male wrestlers aged 9 to 12 years. The present study is a quasi-experimental study with pre- and post-test design. The statistical population of the study consisted of male wrestlers aged 9 to 12 years and the sample consisted of 45 wrestlers in Esfarayen. After performing the FMS, they were randomly divided into three groups: control, experimental1 and experimental2. The control group performed routine wrestling, experimental1 neuromuscular and experimental2 core stability exercises for 6 weeks. Paired t-test and analysis of covariance were used to analyze the data. The overall results showed the effect of core stability and neuromuscular exercises on wrestlers' FMS. Therefore, coaches are advised to use these exercises in wrestlers' training programs due to the importance of FMS test in pre-season evaluations and prevention of sports injuries.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Neuromuscular training
  • Core Stability Training
  • Functional movement screening
  • Wrestlers
  1. Negrini S, Carabalona R. Backpacks on! Schoolchildren’s perceptions of load, associations with back pain and factors determining the load. Spine. 2002;27(2):187-95.
  2. Yard EE, Comstock RD. A comparison of pediatric freestyle and Greco‐Roman wrestling injuries sustained during a 2006 US national tournament. Scandinavian journal of medicine & science in sports. 2008;18(4):491-7.
  3. Pasque CB, Hewett TE. A prospective study of high school wrestling injuries. The American journal of sports medicine. 2000;28(4):509-15.
  4. Caine D, Caine C, Maffulli N. Incidence and distribution of pediatric sport-related injuries. Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine. 2006;16(6):500-13.
  5. Darrow CJ, Collins CL, Yard EE, Comstock RD. Epidemiology of severe injuries among United States high school athletes: 2005-2007. The American journal of sports medicine. 2009;37(9):1798-805.
  6. Kiesel K, Plisky PJ, Voight ML. Can serious injury in professional football be predicted by a preseason functional movement screen? North American journal of sports physical therapy: NAJSPT. 2007;2(3):147.
  7. Cook G, Burton L, Hoogenboom B. Pre-participation screening: the use of fundamental movements as an assessment of function-part 1. North American journal of sports physical therapy: NAJSPT. 2006;1(2):62-72.
  8. Cook G, Burton L, Hoogenboom B. Pre-participation screening: the use of fundamental movements as an assessment of function-part 2. North American journal of sports physical therapy: NAJSPT. 2006;1(3):132-9.
  9. Girold S, Maurin D, Dugue B, Chatard J-C, Millet G. Effects of dry-land vs. resisted-and assisted-sprint exercises on swimming sprint performances. The Journal of Strength & Conditioning Research. 2007;21(2):599-605.
  10. Rahimi M, Rajabi R, Minoonejad H, Alizadeh MH. Relationship Between the History of Injury and Functional Movement Screening Scores in Iran National Team Wrestlers. journal of exercise science and medicine. 2020;11(1):23-32.
  11. Jin Z, Kibler WB, Press J, Sciascia A. The role of core stability in athletic function. Journal of Beijing Sport University. 2008;12:039.
  12. Kibler WB, Press J, Sciascia A. The role of core stability in athletic function. Sports medicine. 2006;36(3):189-98.
  13. Miller MG, Herniman JJ, Ricard MD, Cheatham CC, Michael TJ. The effects of a 6-week plyometric training program on agility. Journal of sports science & medicine. 2006;5(3):459.
  14. Chorba RS, Chorba DJ, Bouillon LE, Overmyer CA, Landis JA. Use of a functional movement screening tool to determine injury risk in female collegiate athletes. North American journal of sports physical therapy: NAJSPT. 2010;5(2):47.
  15. Myer GD, Ford KR, PALUMBO OP, Hewett TE. Neuromuscular training improves performance and lower-extremity biomechanics in female athletes. The Journal of Strength & Conditioning Research. 2005;19(1):51-60.
  16. Peate W, Bates G, Lunda K, Francis S, Bellamy K. Core strength: a new model for injury prediction and prevention. Journal of Occupational Medicine and Toxicology. 2007;2(1):1-9.
  17. Leetun DT, Ireland ML, Willson JD, Ballantyne BT, Davis IM. Core stability measures as risk factors for lower extremity injury in athletes. Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise. 2004;36(6):926-34.
  18. Willson JD, Ireland ML, Davis I. Core strength and lower extremity alignment during single leg squats. Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise. 2006;38(5):945-52.
  19. Akuthota V, Nadler SF. Core strengthening. Archives of physical medicine and rehabilitation. 2004;85:86-92.
  20. Okada T, Huxel KC, Nesser TW. Relationship between core stability, functional movement, and performance. The Journal of Strength & Conditioning Research. 2011;25(1):252-61.
  21. CIEMIŃSKI K. The influence of 10-day proprioceptive training on the FMS test results in young female volleyball players–a pilot study. Age (years). 2018;15:0.95.
  22. Saberian Amirkolaei AA, Balouchy R, Sheikhhoseini R. The Effect of Eight-Week Swiss Ball Training on the Integration of Functional Movements and Balance of Teenage Badminton Players. Journal of Rehabilitation Sciences & Research. 2019;6(4):153-9.
  23. Bagherian S, Ghasempoor K, Rahnama N, Wikstrom EA. The effect of core stability training on functional movement patterns in college athletes. Journal of sport rehabilitation. 2019;28(5):444-9.
  24. Laurent CWS, Masteller B, Sirard J. Effect of a suspension-trainer-based movement program on measures of fitness and functional movement in children: A pilot study. Pediatric exercise science. 2018;30(3):364-75.
  25. Wright MD, Portas MD, Evans VJ, Weston M. The effectiveness of 4 weeks of fundamental movement training on functional movement screen and physiological performance in physically active children. The Journal of Strength & Conditioning Research. 2015;29(1):254-61.
  26. Clark VM, Burden AM. A 4-week wobble board exercise programme improved muscle onset latency and perceived stability in individuals with a functionally unstable ankle. Physical therapy in sport. 2005;6(4):181-7.
  27. Jeffreys I. Developing a progressive core stability program. Strength & Conditioning Journal. 2002;24(5):65-6.
  28. Parenteau-G E, Gaudreault N, Chambers S, Boisvert C, Grenier A, Gagné G, et al. Functional movement screen test: A reliable screening test for young elite ice hockey players. Physical Therapy in Sport. 2014;15(3):169-75.
  29. Teyhen DS, Shaffer SW, Lorenson CL, Halfpap JP, Donofry DF, Walker MJ, et al. The functional movement screen: a reliability study. Journal of orthopaedic & sports physical therapy. 2012;42(6):530-40.
  30. Kwon YU. Effect of Different Rest Intervals on Ankle Kinematics during a Dynamic Balance Task. Korean Journal of Sport Biomechanics. 2018;28(3):193-7.
  31. Madden K, Lockhart C, Cuff D, Potter T, Meneilly G. Aerobic training-induced improvements in arterial stiffness are not sustained in older adults with multiple cardiovascular risk factors. Journal of human hypertension. 2013;27(5):335-9.
  32. Reimann F, Maziarz M, Flock G, Habib A, Drucker D, Gribble F. Characterization and functional role of voltage gated cation conductances in the glucagon‐like peptide‐1 secreting GLUTag cell line. The Journal of physiology. 2005;563(1):161-75.
  33. O'connor FG, Deuster PA, Davis J, Pappas CG, Knapik JJ. Functional movement screening: predicting injuries in officer candidates. Medicine and science in sports and exercise. 2011;43(12):2224-30.
  34. Lehr M, Plisky P, Butler R, Fink M, Kiesel K, Underwood F. Field‐expedient screening and injury risk algorithm categories as predictors of noncontact lower extremity injury. Scandinavian journal of medicine & science in sports. 2013;23(4):e225-e32.
  35. Butler RJ, Contreras M, Burton LC, Plisky PJ, Goode A, Kiesel K. Modifiable risk factors predict injuries in firefighters during training academies. Work. 2013;46(1):11-7.
  36. Cook G, Burton L, Hoogenboom BJ, Voight M. Functional movement screening: the use of fundamental movements as an assessment of function-part 1. International journal of sports physical therapy. 2014;9(3).