اثر تمرینات کششی و ماساژ رهاسازی بر درد، دامنه حرکتی و ناتوانی عملکردی گردن ناشی از نقاط ماشه‌ای مایوفاشیال عضله ذوزنقه

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 استادیار گروه آسیب شناسی و حرکات اصلاحی، دانشکده علوم ورزشی دانشگاه حکیم سبزواری، سبزوار، ایران

2 استادیار، گروه آسیب‌شناسی ورزشی و حرکات اصلاحی، پژوهشگاه تربیت‌بدنی و علوم ورزشی، تهران، ایران.

3 کارشناس ارشد آسیب‌شناسی و حرکات اصلاحی، دانشگاه رجا، قزوین، ایران

چکیده

هدف از پژوهش حاضر، مقایسۀ اثر تمرین کششی و ماساژ رهاسازی بر درد، دامنۀ حرکتی و ناتوانی عملکردی گردن ناشی از نقاط ماشه‌ای مایوفاشیال عضلۀ ذوزنقه بود. 30 بیمار در سه گروه شامل گروه ماساژ، گروه تمرینات کششی و گروه کنترل قرار گرفتند. بیماران گروه تجربی به مدت هشت هفته تمرین کردند. درد، دامنۀ حرکتی و ناتوانی عملکردی به­ترتیب با مقیاس دیداری درد، گونیامومتر و شاخص درد و ناتوانی گردن ارزیابی شدند. نتایج نشان داد تمرینات کششی و ماساژ در دو گروه تجربی با افزایش معنادار دامنۀ حرکتی و کاهش معنادار درد و ناتوانی عملکردی همراه بود. همچنین، در تمام متغیرها بین دو گروه تجربی و گروه کنترل تفاوت معناداری وجود داشت. بر اساس نتایج، ماساژ، در مقایسه با تمرینات کششی می‌تواند مزیت بیشتری داشته باشد، ولی با توجه به مزایای حرکات کششی به‌عنوان رویکردی تمرینی، این تمرینات برای نقاط ماشه‌ای پیشنهاد می‌شوند

کلیدواژه‌ها

موضوعات


عنوان مقاله [English]

The effect of release massage and stretching exercises on Pain, Range of Motion and Functional Disability of the Neck due to Myofascial Trigger Points of the Trapezius Muscle

نویسندگان [English]

  • Hossein Shahrokhi 1
  • Hamed Abbasi 2
  • kazem hajian 3
1 Assistant professor of Department of Sports Injury and Corrective Exercises, Faculty of Sport Sciences, Hakim Sabzevari University, Sabzevar, Iran
2 Department of Sport Injuries and Corrective Exercises , Sport Sciences Research Institute, Tehran, Iran.
3 Msc of Raja University
چکیده [English]

Introduction: The aim of this study was the effect of release massage and stretching exercises on pain, ROM and functional disability of the Neck due to Myofascial Trigger Points of the Trapezius Muscle.
Materials and Methods: 30 patients were divided into three groups including massage group, stretching group and control group. Patients in experimental groups received training for 8 weeks. Pain, ROM and functional disability were measured with a visual analog scale, goniometer and Neck Pain and Disability Scale, respectively.
Results: The results showed that stretching exercises and massage led to a significant increase in ROM and a significant decrease in pain and functional disability. Also, significant differences were observed between the two groups for all variables.
Conclusion: Based on the results, massage can have more advantages than stretching exercises, but due to the benefits of stretching movements as an exercises approach, these exercises are recommended for trigger points.
 

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Massage
  • stretching exercises
  • functional disability
  • pain
  • myofascial trigger points of upper trapezius muscle
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