مقایسه فعالیت الکترومایوگرافی عضلات دوقلو داخلی و خارجی در ورزشکاران با و بدون سابقه پارگی رباط صلیبی قدامی

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشگاه مازندران- دانشکده علوم ورزشی-گروه رفتارحرکتی و بیومکانیک

2 دانشگاه تهران-دانشکده تربیت بدنی و علوم ورزشی-گروه بهداشت و طب ورزشی

3 دانشگاه علوم پزشکی ایران- مرکز پژوهشی عصبی-عضلانی-اسکلتی

چکیده

عضله دوقلو یکی از عضلات اصلی مفصل زانو است اما تغییرات آن بعد از آسیب ACL کمتر مورد توجه قرار گرفته است. هدف از پژوهش حاضر مقایسه فعالیت عضلات دوقلو داخلی و خارجی در ورزشکاران با و بدون سابقه پارگی رباط صلیبی قدامی حین حرکت افت-فرود بوده است. نمونه پژوهش حاضر شامل 15 نفر با عمل بازسازی ACL ، 15 نفر با پارگی ACL بدون عمل بازسازی و 15 نفر به عنوان گروه کنترل بودند. فعالیت واکنشی عضله دوقلو خارجی در آزمودنی های گروه آسیب دیده به طور معناداری کمتر از گروه کنترل بود. با توجه به اینکه عضله ی دوقلو آنتاگونیست ACL بوده و فعالیت آن می تواند باعث افزایش استرین به ACL شود بنابراین به نظر می رسد کمتر بودن فعالیت عضله دوقلو خارجی در افراد آسیب دیده نسبت به افراد سالم، یک مکانیسم جبرانی است تا از طریق آن استرین وارد بر ACL را کاهش دهند.

کلیدواژه‌ها

موضوعات


عنوان مقاله [English]

Comparison of electromyography activity of the medial and lateral gastrocnemius muscle in the athletes with and without a history of anterior cruciate ligament rupturee

نویسندگان [English]

  • komeil dashti rostami 1
  • mohamadhossein alizadeh 2
  • Hooman Minoonejad 2
  • Hamidreza Yazdi 3
1 University of Mazandaran- Faculty of sports sciences- Department of motor behavior and biomechanics.
2 University of Tehran, Faculty of Physical Education and Sports Sciences, Department of Sports medicine and health
3 Neuromusculoskeltal Research Center, Iran University of Medical Sciences.
چکیده [English]

The gastrocnemius muscle is one of the main muscles of the knee joint but its neuromuscular adaptations after ACL injury are poorly. The purpose of this study was to compare medial and lateral gastrocnemius preparatory and reactive activity patterns in the athletes with and without a history of ACL rupture. 15 ACL deficient, 15 ACL reconstructed and 15 control subjects participated in this cross-sectional study. ACL injured groups (ACLD and ACLR) had significantly lower lateral gastrocnemius muscle activity in the reactive phase compared to the control group. The gastrocnemius muscle is an antagonist of ACL and thus it seems that lower lateral gastrocnemius activity in ACL injured groups is a compensatory mechanism to decrease strain on ACL. .

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Anterior cruciate ligament
  • Knee Joint
  • gastrocnemius muscle
  • reactive activity
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