آیا نوع کفش بر الکترومیوگرافی عضلات اندام تحتانی حین پایین رفتن از پله اثرگذار است؟

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 کارشناس ارشد بیومکانیک ورزشی،دانشکدۀ علوم ورزشی، دانشگاه بوعلی سینا، همدان، ایران

2 استادیار، گروه بیومکانیک ورزشی، دانشکدۀ علوم ورزشی، دانشگاه بوعلی سینا، همدان، ایران (نویسنده مسئول)

3 استاد، گروه بیومکانیک ورزشی، دانشکده علوم ورزشی، دانشگاه بوعلی سینا، همدان، ایران

4 استادیار بیومکانیک ورزشی، دانشکدۀ علوم ورزشی، دانشگاه اراک ، اراک، ایران

چکیده

هدف از این پژوهش بررسی اثر نوع کفش بر الکترومیوگرافی عضلات اندام تحتانی حین پایین رفتن از پله بود. 15 دانشجوی پسر با دامنه سنی 20 تا 30 سال در این پژوهش شرکت کردند. اوج فعالیت عضلات و هم‌انقباضی عضلات منتخب اندازه‌گیری شد. از آزمون آماری آنالیز واریانس با اندازه‌گیری‌های تکراری استفاده شد. نتایج نشان دادند که در هر دو فاز پیش‌فعالیت و اکسنتریک عضلات درشت‌نی قدامی، دوقلوی داخلی و خارجی و عضله نعلی افزایش معناداری در اوج فعالیت عضلانی در وضعیت پابرهنه نسبت به کفش معمولی نشان دادند. در فاز پیش فعالیت، درهم‌انقباضی عضلات نازک نی کوتاه/دوقلوی داخلی بین کفش‌ معمولی و کفش ‌مینیمالیست تفاوت معناداری وجود دارد. در فاز اکسنتریک در هم‌انقباضی عضلات درشت نی قدامی/نازک نی طویل بین کفش‌ معمولی و وضعیت پابرهنه تفاوت معناداری وجود دارد. به نظر می‌رسد نوع کفش بر اوج فعالیت عضلات و هم‌انقباضی عضلات آگونیست و آنتاگونیست مفصل مچ پا اثرگذار است.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Does the type of shoe affect the electromyography of the lower limb muscles while descending the stairs?

نویسندگان [English]

  • abdolali hoseini 1
  • Mahboubeh Alemzadeh 2
  • Mehrdad Anbarian 3
  • safoura ghasemi 4
1 Master student of Bu Ali Sina University
2 sport science- buali sina-hamedan
3 Professor of Sports Biomechanics, Faculty of Sports Sciences, Arak University, Arak, Iran
4 Assistant Professor of Sports Biomechanics, Faculty of Sports Sciences, Arak University, Arak, Iran
چکیده [English]

The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of shoe type on muscles electromyography while descending stairs. The population of this study was 15 students aged 20 to 30 years. Co-contraction and peak muscle activity were recorded. The repeated measure ANOVA test was used.  The results showed that in both pre-activity and eccentric phases, the peak activity of tibialis anterior, internal and external gastrocnemius and soleus muscles significantly increased in the barefoot position compared to normal shoes. The co-contraction of the peronaeus brevis and gastrocnemius medialis muscles in the pre-activity phase had a significant difference between normal and minimalist shoes. In the eccentric phase, there was a significant difference between the co-contraction of the tibialis anterior and peronaeus longus muscles in barefoot and normal shoe states. It seems that the increased co-contraction of agonists and antagonists in barefoot and minimalist shoes compared to normal shoes may be an effective factor in maintaining joint stability.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Keywords: Shoes
  • Electromyography
  • Descending the Stairs
  • Co-Contraction
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