تقارن توزیع فشار کف پایی، نیروی عمودی عکس العمل زمین و نوسانات پاسچر در ورزشکاران حرفه‌ای با کنترل کمری-لگنی مطلوب و ضعیف

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 کارشناس ارشد، گروه آسیب شناسی ورزشی و حرکات اصلاحی، دانشکده علوم ورزشی، دانشگاه رازی، کرمانشاه، ایران.

2 استادیار، گروه آسیب شناسی ورزشی و حرکات اصلاحی، دانشکده علوم ورزشی، دانشگاه رازی، کرمانشاه، ایران

10.22089/smj.2021.10678.1508

چکیده

هدف از پژوهش حاضر، بررسی اثر ضعف کنترل کمری-لگنی بر تقارن توزیع فشار کف‌پایی، نیروی عمودی عکس‌العمل زمین و نوسانات پاسچر ورزشکاران دارای فرود مکرر بود. در این مطالعه‌ی مورد- شاهد، 34 بازیکن حرفه‌ای شرکت نمودند. کنترل کمری-لگنی آزمودنی‌ها، با تست-های بالاآوردن مستقیم پا، فلکشن همزمان زانو و ران، چرخش جانبی مفصل ران و آزمون دمر بوسیله‌ی دستگاه بایوفیدبک‌پرشر ارزیابی شد. شرکت‌کننده‌ها براساس نتایج این تست‌ها در دو گروه کنترل کمری-لگنی مطلوب (17=n) و ضعف کنترل کمری-لگنی (17=n) قرار گرفتند. داده‌های توزیع فشار کف‌پایی با استفاده از دستگاه پی-تی اسکن جمع‌آوری شدند. یافته‌ها نشان داد بین میانگین نمرات تقارن توزیع فشار کف‌پایی، نیروی عمق، نیروی اوج دوم، محدوده نوسانات، نوسانات قدامی-خلفی و نوسانات داخلی-خارجی تفاوت معناداری وجود دارد. بنابراین ضعف کنترل کمری-لگنی بر تقارن توزیع فشار کف‌پایی، نیروی عکس‌العمل عمودی زمین و نوسانات پاسچر ورزشکاران با فرود مکرر اثرگذار بوده و می‌تواند عامل خطری در وقوع آسیب‌های اندام تحتانی باشد.

کلیدواژه‌ها

موضوعات


عنوان مقاله [English]

Foot Pressure Distribution Symmetry, Vertical Ground Reaction Force and Postural Sways in Professional Athletes with Proper or Poor Lumbopelvic Control

نویسندگان [English]

  • farzaneh gandomi 1
  • Paria Fadaei Dehcheshmeh 2
1 Sport Injuries and Corrective Exercises, Razi University, Kermanshah, Iran
2 MSc, Department of Sports Injuries and Corrective Exercises, Faculty of Physical Education and Sport Sciences, Razi University, Kermanshah, Iran.
چکیده [English]

The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of lumbopelvic control (LPC) weakness on the symmetry of foot pressure distribution, vertical ground reaction force (GRF) and postural sways of athletes with frequent landings. In this case-control study, 34 professional players participated. LPC was assessed by Knee Lift Abdominal, Bent Knee Fall Out, Active Straight Leg Raising, and PRONE tests by Pressure Biofeedback Unit. Based on the results, participants were divided into two groups: appropriate LPC (n=17) and poor LPC (n=17). Foot pressure data were collected using PT-scan. The results showed that there was a significant difference between the mean scores of the foot pressure distribution symmetry, depth force, second peak force, area of sways, anterior-posterior and medial-lateral sways. Thus, poor LPC affects the symmetry of the foot pressure, GRF, and the postural sways of athletes with frequent landings, so can be a risk factor for lower limb injuries.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Motor Control
  • Biofeedback Pressure
  • Lower Extremity Injuries
  • Kinematic
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