تاثیر یک وهله خستگی عمومی بر میزان هماهنگی و تغییرپذیری بین مفاصل اندام فوقانی قایقرانان نخبه (از منظر احتمال بروز آسیب)

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشجوی دکتری بیومکانیک ورزشی، دانشکده تربیت بدنی و علوم ورزشی دانشگاه آزاد تهران مرکزی، تهران، ایران

2 استاد گروه بیومکانیک و آسیب‌شناسی ورزشی، دانشکدۀ تربیت‌بدنی و علوم ورزشی دانشگاه خوارزمی، تهران، ایران (نویسنده مسئول) استاد گروه بیومکانیک ورزشی، پژوهشکدۀ علوم حرکتی، دانشگاه خوارزمی، تهران، ایران

3 استادیار گروه بیومکانیک ورزشی، دانشکدۀ علوم ورزشی دانشگاه بیرجند، بیرجند، ایران

4 استادیار، گروه بیومکانیک ورزشی، دانشگاه فرهنگیان، تهران، ایران

چکیده

هدف پژوهش حاضر تاثیر یک وهله خستگی عمومی بر میزان هماهنگی و تغییرپذیری بین مفاصل اندام فوقانی قایقرانان نخبه بود. 14 قایقران مرد تیم ملی در این پژوهش نیمه آزمایشگاهی شرکت کردند. از تمرین قایقرانی روی دستگاه ارگومتر پاروزنی برای اعمال خستگی عمومی تا حد واماندگی استفاده شد. داده‌های کینماتیکی با استفاده از دستگاه واحدهای اندازه‌گیری اینرسی در 15 دوره پاروزنی متوالی ابتدایی و انتهایی پروتکل خستگی اندازه‌گیری شدند. نتایج نشان داد که یک وهله خستگی عمومی باعث تغییر در میزان هماهنگی بین مفاصل شانه- تنه در صفحۀ هوریزنتال و بین مفاصل آرنج- شانه در صفحۀ ساجیتال و همچنین تغییرپذیری بین مفاصل شانه- تنه در صفحۀ هوریزنتال، آرنج- شانه در صفحۀ ساجیتال و آرنج- تنه در صفحۀ ساجیتال می‌شود. یافته های تحقیق، ضرورت توجه به طراحی برنامه های تمرینی مناسب برای قایقرانان با رویکرد کاهش تبعات سوء خستگی اندام فوقانی بر عملکرد بهینه و بروز آسیب را تاکید می نماید.

کلیدواژه‌ها

موضوعات


عنوان مقاله [English]

The effects of one stage of exhaustive global fatigue on coordination and variability of the joints of the upper limbs in elite rowers: Injury risk perspective

نویسندگان [English]

  • azam daneshvar 1
  • Heydar Sadeghi 2
  • Mohammad Yousefi 3
  • Zohre Borhani Kakhki 4
1 PhD Candidate in Sports Biomechanics, Faculty of Sports Sciences and Physical Education, Central
2 Department of Physical education & Sport Sciences, Kharazmi University
3 Assistant professor of sport biomechanics in Birjand University
4 Assistant Professor of Sport Biomechanics, Farhangian University, Tehran, Iran
چکیده [English]

The present study aimed to investigate the effect of one global fatigue stage on coordination and variability between upper extremity joints in elite rowers. Fourteen male rowers of the national team participated in this quasi-experimental study. A rowing ergometer device was used to create general fatigue until exhaustion. An inertial measurement device of units was also used for measuring kinematic parameters in 15 consecutive rowing cycles at the beginning and end of the fatigue protocol. The results showed that a session of global fatigue changes the level of coordination between the shoulder-trunk joints on the horizontal plane and the elbow-shoulder joints on the sagittal plane, as well as the level of variability between shoulder-trunk joints in the horizontal plane, elbow-shoulder joints in the sagittal plane and elbow-trunk joints in the sagittal plate. It can have negative effects on the performance of professional rowers and increases the risk of injuries caused by overuse. Due to results, considering the effect of fatigue on the lower extremities of the elite national rower athletes during the designation of training programs is an important issue.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Rowing
  • Fatigue
  • Coordination
  • Variability
  • Upper limbs
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