تاثیر یک دوره تمرین ترکیبی بر متغیرهای منتخب بیومکانیکی تعادل، کنترل حرکتی، وضعیتی و عملکرد قدم زدن سالمندان مرد فعال

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشجوی دکترای بیومکانیک ورزشی، دانشکده تربیت بدنی و علوم ورزشی، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، واحد تهران مرکزی، تهران، ایران

2 گروه بیومکانیک ورزشی، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، واحد تهران مرکزی، تهران، ایران

3 استادیار بیومکانیک ورزشی، دانشکده تربیت بدنی و علوم ورزشی، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی واحد تهران مرکزی، تهران، ایران (نویسنده مسئول)

چکیده

هدف از پژوهش حاضر بررسی تأثیر یک دوره تمرین ترکیبی بر متغیرهای منتخب بیومکانیکی سالمندان مرد فعال ورزشکار بود. 40 مرد سالمند فعال به‌صورت داوطلبانه و در دو گروه تجربی و کنترل در این پژوهش شرکت کردند. از آزمودنی‌های هر دو گروه، قبل و بعد از هشت هفته تمرین، آزمون‌های تعادل، کنترل حرکتی، کنترل وضعیتی و راه رفتن گرفته شد. گروه تجربی در یک برنامۀ تمرینی ترکیبی شرکت کردند و گروه کنترل در این مدت به انجام فعالیت‌های روزمرۀ خود ادامه دادند. برای مقایسۀ نتایج قبل و بعد از تمرینات در هر گروه، در صورت نرمال بودن متغیرها از آزمون تی همبسته و در غیراین­صورت از آزمون ناپارامتریک ویلکاکسون استفاده شد، نتایج نشان می‌دهد یک دوره تمرین ترکیبی در کنترل وضعیتی و عملکرد راه رفتن معنادار نیست، ولی می‌تواند در بهبود کنترل حرکتی، تعادل در مردان سالمند فعال مؤثر باشد و احتمال زمین خوردن افراد را کاهش دهد.   

کلیدواژه‌ها

موضوعات


عنوان مقاله [English]

The Effect of a Combined Training Course on Selected Biomechanical Variables of Balance, Motor Control, Postural Control and Gait of the Active Elderly Men

نویسندگان [English]

  • Ebrahim safari 1
  • Yahya Sokhanguei 2
  • Ali Fatahi 3
1 Student / Azad University, Central Tehran Branch
2 Central Tehran Azad University - Faculty of Physical Education
3 Assistant Professor, Sports Biomechanics Department, Physical Education and Sports Sciences Faculty,science Committee Islamic Azad University of Central Tehran Branch, Tehran, Iran
چکیده [English]

The aim of the present study was to investigate the effect of a combined training course on selected biomechanical variables of the elderly active male athlete. 40 active elderly men participated in this study voluntarily in two groups. The experimental group practiced in a combined training program and the control group continued to perform their daily activities during this period. To compare the results before and after exercise in each group, Parametric Paired t test and non-parametric Wilcoxon test were executed using SPSS ver. 21. The results show that a combined training session was not significant in posture control and gait function, but can be effective in improving motor control, balance in active older men and reducing the risk of falls.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • : Active Elderly
  • Combined Training and Selected Biomechanical Variables
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